Advocacy for culture is one of the core activities of ENCC. The period we are going through now is particularly crucial for determining what the future EU budget will look like and what importance will be given to the cultural sector.
Since 2018, together with other networks and cultural organizations, we have been monitoring and trying to influence the developments of the next EU Multiannual Financial Framework, covering the years 2021-27. We're focusing especially on the budget allocated to the Creative Europe programme, which currently represents only about 0,1% of the whole package.
We have been asking for years to double Creative Europe's budget, as recommended by the European Parliament and as campaigned for by Culture Action Europe. We strongly supported the statement made in June 2020 by the European Parliament Committee on Culture and Education in June asking to double the budget for Creative Europe, triple it for Erasmus Plus, and earmark 1.2 billion for the European Solidarity Corps. We also believe that it is more urgent than ever to make sure that the additional funds stemming from the Next Generation EU initiative reach cultural operators and the cultural sector in general, which has a crucial role in building more resilient, sustainable, inclusive and fairer societies.
Following a long and complicated process of negotiation over the past years, further complicated by the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic and its massive socio-economic impact, the European Council struck an agreement on the budget after their longest meeting ever, which lasted from July 18 to 21st.
The 'good' news is that this deal brought back the budget for Creative Europe to the €1,64 billion proposed in 2018 (compared to the 2020 Comission proposal which had slashed it by 7% to €1,52 billion). The bad news is that the calls to double Creative Europe's budget have not been heeded; that Erasmus+ has been cut by over €3 billion compared to previous proposals; that no money from the Next Generation recovery fund is being earmarked specifically for Creative Europe or Erasmus Plus; and that cuts are proposed in the MFF to health, research, education, innovation and the transition of carbondependent regions, among others. (For more details on the proposed deal, which covers not only the MFF but also the Next Generation recovery fund, see Culture Action Europe's wrap-up).
This proposal was discussed by the European Parliament. In July, the MEPS have reacted with a resolution asking the European Council to single out and increase funding for 'programmes relating to the climate, the digital transition, health, youth, culture, infrastructure, research, border management and solidarity', and warning that the Parliament 'is prepared to withhold its consent for the MFF until a satisfactory agreement is reached in the upcoming negotiations between Parliament and the Council'.
On September 17th, the European Parliament adopted by a large majority a Resolution on the Cultural Recovery of Europe, calling on the Commission and Member States to double the budget for Creative Europe, earmark 2% of the Recovery and Resilience Facilty to the cultural and creative sector, and introduce a Europe-wide framework aiming to improve working conditions in the cultural sector.
The calendar still aims at an agreement on the long-term budget by October, which would pave the way for agreements on the individual programmes by the end of the year. This will probably mean that the programmes of the new cycle (such as Creative Europe and Erasmus+) will be finalised and published in the spring of 2021 at the earliest - creating a delay that organisations hoping to benefit from them should be aware of.
Here is a list of statements we have signed and promoted since the beginning of the process:
June 2020: Investing in Europe’s Next Generation by Investing in Culture - open letter to Ministers of Culture, Ministers of Finance, MEPs and Commissioners signed by 94 cultural organisations throughout Europe
June 2020: Uphold Culture in the EU Budget - statement/petition by Culture Action Europe signed by 3000 cultural operators
April 2020 Now Europe needs culture and culture needs Europe, signed by 37 European and international cultural networks
March 2020 Effect of COVID-19 on Creative Europe and the European Cultural and Creative Sectors, joint letter to Commissioner Gabriel and Members of Directorate General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture (DG EAC):
November 2019 Investing in our culture is investing in our future - Open letter to EU leaders from 90 international organisations in Europe’s cultural and creative sectors
February 2018 1% for Culture Campaign by Culture Action Europe
January 2018 Statement on post-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework by the European Alliance for Culture and the Arts
And a few other statements that we stand by:
September 2020 Resolution by the European Parliament on the Cultural Recovery of Europe
September 2020 Policy Statement on the Cultural Recovery of Europe - IETM
July 2020 Resolution voted by the European Parliament asking the European Council to single out and increase certain programmes in the MFF, including culture and research
July 2020 Call on EU leaders to be bold and invest in culture and the arts, signed by 45 cultural leaders including performance artist Marina Abramović, singer Björk, authors Sebastian Fitzek and Nele Neuhaus, and composer Jean-Michel Jarre.
June 2020 Statement by Sabine VERHEYEN following the exchange of views at the Committee on Culture and Education on the revised MFF proposal, in the European Parliament in Brussels
May 2020 'Rethink deeply disappointing budget proposals' - CULT Committee reaction to new MFF proposal
April 2020 Rescue the Arts - Plea to National Governments - IETM
March 2020 Open Letter to the EU Commission and the Member States, demanding support for the Cultural and Creative Sectors affected by the COVID-19 crisis, by Niklas Nienass, MEP